CARS tells Toyota: Stop selling unsafe lemons to military families
Toyota sold John and Christina Snell a new unsafe lemon RAV 4
CARS has joined Christina and John Snell in calling on Toyota to buy back their unsafe lemon car, and stop suing them -- because they are in the military and took their new car with them to their duty station in Germany. John Snell is a highly decorated military hero serving in the U.S. Army. As Christina wrote in a petition on Change.org:
"In 2013, a Toyota car dealership in Georgia sold my Army husband and me a new Toyota RAV 4. About a year later, it began breaking down at unpredictable moments, leaving me stranded on winding country roads in the middle of winter in Germany, where we were stationed. At first, Toyota refused to repair our vehicle unless we paid for the parts and labor out of pocket in advance. Even after we persisted, Toyota failed to provide the necessary parts, leaving us without a vehicle for months. Eventually, a panel of arbitrators ruled that our RAV 4 was unsafe and declared it a lemon. Toyota was ordered to take back our vehicle and replace it, but they refused. Instead, now they are suing us."
Federal Court Rules Against CarMax
over Failures to Provide Completed Inspection Reports
In a major blow to CarMax, a Federal Ninth Circuit Court ruled that CarMax fails to comply with California's Car Buyers Bill of Rights, by failing to provide completed inspection reports describing the condition of components the company inspects. CarMax sells all of its vehicles as "certified" cars that have supposedly passed a "rigorous 125+ point inspection." But the auto retailing giant neglects to name which parts passed or failed their tests.
The three-judge panel's decision was unanimous. The consumer who won the case, Travis Gonzales, bought a 2007 Infiniti G35 from CarMax in Costa Mesa, California. The car had badly worn brake pads, malfunctioning windows, a defective transmission and warning lights that lit up intermittently on the dashboard. CarMax claimed the car had passed its inspection program. The dealership argued that putting a generic list of components that were supposedly checked, in the glove box, was enough "disclosure."
The buyer's lawyer, Hallen Rosner of the law firm Rosner, Barry & Babbitt, successfully argued that CarMax's business practices are "a farce" that cheats customers.
CARS spearheaded efforts to enact and improve the Car Buyers Bill of Rights, including capping dealer interest rate markups on auto loans, mandatory disclosures of common add-on items, prohibitions against selling "certified" cars "AS IS" (without an express warranty), mandatory disclosures of credit scores to borrowers, and other protections.
DO NOT drive these Honda cars. Get them fixed. NOW.
November 7, 2016
A 50-year-old Riverside, California woman was recently killed by a faulty, recalled airbag in her 2001 Honda Civic. Cutting corners on safety, airbag supplier Takata produced the airbag with cheap but volatile sodium nitrate.
In even a low-speed collision, the chemical explodes with excessive force, sending shards of metal into the passenger compartment. It's been described as having a hand grenade go off in the car.
The woman, Delia Robles, was driving to get her flu shot when her Civic collided with a pickup truck. Officials at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) have been warning owners of the cars not to drive them, and to get them repaired immediately. NHTSA found that in a collision where the airbags inflate, the odds of being killed are 50-50. In other words, those cars are ticking time bombs.
Here are the cars that NHTSA has identified as posing the highest risk:
Honda is offering to tow these cars to dealerships for repairs. They should also offer to send roving mechanics to the owner's home or workplace, since a leading barrier to getting repairs is the fact most people have only one car, and they depend on it to keep their job and get their kids to school. For many owners of recalled cars, the closest dealership may be a long distance away, and they may not be able to drop off their car on a weekday, and then get back home and back to work.
Owners of recalled cars may also have difficulty getting time off from work to drive a long distance for repairs. Many at-risk owners may not be proficient in English or Spanish, and may not understand the risks they face.
Some owners have also had bad experiences at car dealerships, and may be fearful of going to a dealership again. Unfortunately, some dealers may take advantage of the safety recalls to pressure them to buy another car, while holding their recalled car for repairs.
Where to check the safety recall status of your car, at a government website:
Leading Auto Safety Champions in Congress
Slam Federal Trade Commission
over proposal to allow dealers to advertise unsafe, unrepaired
recalled cars as "safe" and "repaired for safety"
Rep. Jan Schakowsky (D-IL) stands up for protecting used car buyers, their families, and others who share the roads.
U.S. Rep. Schakowsky (D-IL) a leading champion for auto safety in the U.S. House of Representatives, joined CARS, other consumer groups, and leading Senate safety champions in urging the Federal Trade Commission to reverse course over the agency's controversial proposal to allow dealers to advertise unsafe recalled cars as "safe" and "repaired for safety" and having passed a " rigorous inspection" -- without repairing the safety defects that led to a federal safety recall.
In her letter, Rep. Schakowsky writes:
"I am writing to express my deep concern with regard to the consent orders with General Motors Company (GM), Jim Koons Management, and Lithia Motors, Inc. proposed by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC)... While the FTC does not have the authority to prohibit the sale of used cars with unrepaired defects, it can and should prevent the misleading advertising of those cars.
When auto dealers imply cars are safe even though the cars have unrepaired safety defects subject to a recall, those are precisely the unfair and deceptive practices the FTC has the power to stop. However, the proposed consent orders stop short of banning deceptive language...the weak remedies in these proposed consent orders would likely affect other attempts to curb the sale or advertising of vehicles under recall...the FTC should stop auto dealers from deceiving their customers.
I call on the FTC to revise or reject these proposed orders to truly look out for consumer safety."
"Congressman offers unusual defense in ethics probe"
Williams, a car dealer, says he wasn't helping himself,
he was helping a lobbyist for car dealers
Center for Public Integrity
September 13, 2016
By John Dunbar
"U.S. Rep. Roger Williams, a Texas Republican under investigation by the House Ethics Committee, asserts that he did nothing wrong when he offered an amendment that would benefit car dealers — despite the fact that he himself is a car dealer.
Members of Congress, say the rules, may not use their positions for personal financial benefit. But Williams asserted in a statement that he did not profit from his actions.
GOP Rep. Roger Williams, a Texas car dealer, faces House ethics investigation
Instead, Williams revealed, he offered the amendment at the behest of a lobbyist. And the lobbyist — whose employer, the National Automobile Dealers Association, one of the congressman's top donors — was even kind enough to send along 'proposed language' for the text of the amendment.
The case is being considered by the House Ethics Committee. There is no timetable for when the committee will rule. But regardless of what happens, the Austin area congressman's defense offers a rare glimpse at how business is often done in the Capitol.
In this case, at least, it reveals a place where lobbyists have enormous influence; where a legislator was arguably more concerned with his own interests and those of his donors than his constituents; and where actions that appear at first glance to be clear conflicts of interest, are in fact, routine...
Rep. Williams offered an amendment on the floor of the House just before midnight on Nov. 4 that alleviated the dealers' concerns. It would, as understood by Williams and NADA, carve out an exemption for auto dealers. It would, in effect, allow them to rent or loan out vehicles even if they were subject to safety recalls...
'It seems to me that if it isn't illegal, if it isn't an ethics violation it ought to be,' said Shahan, president of Consumers for Auto Reliability and Safety, a [non-profit] consumer group. 'His amendment benefits nobody but car dealers. And he's a car dealer.'
In his statement, Williams says that his business does indeed offer rental cars for use by customers who are getting their vehicles fixed as well as loaner cars...Williams, in his defense, said he sometimes loses money under the arrangement and that the passage of the amendment would have "zero bearing" on his business interests.
Shahan said dealers still benefit indirectly.
'They benefit, of course, by profiting from having the repair business,' she said. 'And you can be sure that it's built into the price they charge for the repair.'
Shahan said it was clear that the congressman was not interested in consumers.
'It doesn't get any clearer that he was not acting in the public interest, he was acting in the interest of the NADA members. He doesn't even claim to be acting in the public interest,' she said."
"Both organizations strongly support the CFPB's proposal to prohibit forced arbitration clauses that bar wronged consumers from being able to join together to address widespread illegal activity through class actions. We also support the proposal to improve transparency involving individual cases in forced arbitration, and urge the Bureau to also ban forced individual arbitration.
Consumers deserve at least the same freedom, protection, and access to justice as car dealers, who were granted a special exemption from the Federal Arbitration Act by Congress. We agree with the points and arguments that Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) and Senator Charles Grassley (R-IA) made in favor of restoring Seventh Amendment rights to car dealers, which clearly should apply equally to consumers.
As Senator Hatch stated when he introduced S. 1140, "The Motor Vehicle Franchise Contract Arbitration Fairness Act of 2001," the new law was needed to protect auto dealers from having mandatory arbitration clauses imposed upon them by auto manufacturers, due to their "unequal bargaining power." As Senator Grassley, speaking in support of S. 1140, stated:
"While arbitration serves an important function as an efficient alternative to court, some trade-offs must be considered by both parties, such as limited judicial review and less formal procedures regarding discovery and rules of evidence. When mandatory binding arbitration is forced upon a party, for example when it is placed in a boiler-plate agreement, it deprives the weaker party the opportunity to elect another forum. As a proponent of arbitration I believe it is critical to ensure that the selection of arbitration is voluntary and fair… Unequal bargaining power exists in contracts between automobile and truck dealers and their manufacturers. The manufacturer drafts the contract and presents it to dealers with no opportunity to negotiate… The purpose of arbitration is to reduce costly, time-consuming litigation, not to force a party to an adhesion contract to waive access to judicial or administrative forums for the pursuit of rights under State law."
Senator Grassley also stated that:
"This legislation will go a long way toward ensuring that parties will not be forced into binding arbitration and thereby lose important statutory rights. I am confident that given its many advantages arbitration will often be elected. But it is essential for public policy reasons and basic fairness that both parties to this type of contract have the freedom to make their own decisions based on the circumstances of the case."
Statements on Introduced Bills and Joint Resolutions, United States Senate, June 29, 2001. Statement by Senator Grassley of Iowa.
The organizations also cited specific cases where class members -- low-income consumers whose cars had been repossessed -- received over $383 million in forgiveness of loans. However, in those cases, Aho vs. Americredit Financial Services and Smith Vs. Americredit Financial Services, the additional benefits received by class members varied solely based on the basis of whether class members had signed retail installment contracts that included arbitration clauses. Car buyers without arbitration clauses received refunds of 89% of their payments. In direct contrast, car buyers with arbitration clauses received smaller refunds of only 57% of their payments. Class counsel were awarded fees in addition to the class recovery, so the attorneys' fees did not reduce the recovery for consumers one iota.
In the class action case Hamm vs. Consumer Portfolio Services, Inc., the class representative did not have an arbitration clause in his contract. In an exemplary result, the class members, 2,189 car buyers, whose vehicles had been illegally repossessed, received $18,158,243 in debt forgiveness. The fees for the class members' attorneys were awarded in addition to the amounts received by the class members.
However, in a "twin" class action case, Trabert vs. Consumer Portfolio Services, Inc., he class representative did have an arbitration clause in his contract. The claims were identical to the claims asserted in Hamm, against the same defendant, regarding the same practices, over the same period of time. The same attorneys brought the case, representing members of the class. But solely because of the arbitration clause, Mr. Trabert and members of the class in that case received no relief whatsoever. The debt remains on their credit reports, and they are still subject to having to pay the entire debt, plus penalties, and are also subject to receiving calls from debt collectors. They have also received no notification that they have been wronged and have legitimate claims that could be brought, if they were free from the arbitrary limits imposed by the arbitration clause.
NEWS: For immediate release August 10, 2016
Contact: Rosemary Shahan – 530-759-9440
Consumer Group Warns: Avoid Buying Used Cars from CarMax
Today Consumers for Auto Reliability and Safety warned used car buyers to steer clear of
CarMax, which continues to sell unsafe, defective recalled cars, including vehicles with dangerous
Takata air bags that have been linked to 10 deaths and over 100 injuries, including loss of eyesight and
strokes. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the Takata air bags in some
models pose a 50% chance of exploding with excessive force and spewing metal fragments at drivers
and / or passengers in a crash, and should be driven only to a dealership for repairs.
“CarMax sells cars that are ticking timebombs on wheels,” said Rosemary Shahan, President of
Consumers for Auto Reliability and Safety (CARS), a non-profit auto safety and consumer advocacy
organization. “Car buyers should avoid shopping at CarMax unless they stop selling recalled cars with
lethal safety defects that they fail to get repaired.”
Many of the recalled vehicles CarMax offers for sale cannot be repaired, because the
manufacturer has not yet developed a fix, or because of parts shortages – leaving car buyers and their
passengers at risk. Most, if not all, auto manufacturers require their franchised car dealers to refrain
from selling defective recalled cars, pending repairs. It may take years before enough repair parts are
available to repair recalled cars such as the more than 100 million vehicles worldwide with Takata
airbag inflators that need to be replaced before 2019.
Under broad, general state laws in all 50 states, it is illegal for car dealers to sell recalled used
cars to consumers. Dealers who sold recalled used cars have faced lawsuits for violating implied
warranties, engaging in unfair and deceptive acts or practices, or violating more specific laws such as
New York's requirement for dealers to certify that all used vehicles they offer for sale are “roadworthy.”
When people have been injured or killed by the defective cars, the dealers also faced legal
action alleging negligence or wrongful death, or violation of the common law duty of care. Some
dealers have entered into confidential settlements with families of victims killed by their negligence.
CarMax is the largest retailer of used cars in the nation. CarMax advertises that all the cars it
offers for sale must pass a “125+ point Certified Quality Inspection.” However, CarMax often fails to
ensure that safety recall repairs are performed prior to sale. More details about CarMax's sales of
recalled cars are posted at: http://www.carsfoundation.org/
# # #
CARS Praises Consumer Financial Protection Bureau for
Helping Improve the Economy and Protect Consumers,
Especially Military Servicemembers and their Families
Richard Cordray, Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, and CARS President Rosemary Shahan, a fellow Buckeye
At a roundtable and Field Hearing in Sacramento hosted by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, CARS President praised CFPB Director Richard Cordray and his team for helping improve America's economy and protect consumers, especially military Servicemembers and their families. At the roundtable, Shahan also provided information about predatory lending practices perpetrated by "Buy Here Pay Here" car dealers, who commonly overcharge vulnerable car buyers who are desperate for wheels to get to work for junky cars that break down soon after purchase. Some don't even make it home from the car lot.
The dealers typically also charge exorbitant interest rates on loans that vastly exceed the value of the cars. When the cars break down, the car buyers lose their only means of transportation to get to work, costing them their jobs. When they default on their loans, the dealers repossess the cars, and then resell them again and again. Each time, they make a high profit.
As reported in an award-winning series by Los Angeles Times reporter Ken Bensinger, some dealers make this predatory practice, known as "churning," a regular business practice. Too often, California's Department of Motor Vehicles fails to protect car buyers from such practices. Even if dealers are closed by the DMV, or declare bankruptcy, they often re-open again, sometimes in the exact same location, under a relative's name, and continue to engage in the same illegal conduct.
Governor Brown turns deaf ear to
consumer, civil rights groups
Signs bill backed by toll authorities and auto dealers
SACRAMENTO: California Governor Jerry Brown ignored pleas from consumer and civil rights groups and signed AB 516 into law, despite the fact the author had rejected amendments offered by law enforcement and consumer groups to address the serious problem of innocent people being pulled repeatedly over and ticketed, and having their cars impounded, when their vehicles have not been properly registered, through no fault of their own.
Such incidents are destined to increase under the bill, as law enforcement will be able to readily scan the temp tags and target people whose tags have expired, and who have not received their permanent plates.
"The Democratic governor’s decision Monday comes over the objection of social justice activists who say it will lead to more fines and create economic hardships for poor people." -- KPIX-TV News report
Hess bought a 2011 Acura TSX for about $18,000 in September [over 8 months ago]. 'I paid for it in full,' she said. And yet, the car is still unregistered. What’s the hold up? The dealer. Hess says AutoNation Acura of Stevens Creek agreed to title and register the TSX for her. Her paperwork even lists a $29 service fee. But the dealer hasn’t titled or registered the car. The expired plate is proof....Hess's Acura is screaming for a ticket.
'The DMV investigator told me I could be pulled over, and the car could be towed,' Hess said. Hess said the dealer didn’t offer an explanation; it was stalling....
Rosemary Shahan, the consumer advocate who leads Consumers for Auto Reliability and Safety, is lobbying the Legislature to give drivers a break when dealers are careless with paperwork. 'You get penalized if they don’t do their job,' she said."
Unless Governor Brown vetoes a bill (AB 516) that is being backed by toll authorities and the California New Car Dealers Association, more innocent car buyers like Dori will be unfairly penalized when dealers sell them cars they cannot get properly registered, through no fault of their own.
BLUMENTHAL, SCHUMER, MARKEY, NELSON, DURBIN: FTC SETTLEMENTS ALLOWING USED CAR DEALERS TO ADVERTISE CARS WITH UNREPAIRED RECALLS AS ‘SAFE’ ARE ANTI-CONSUMER & ANTI-SAFETY
Recent proposed settlements between the FTC and used car dealers allow dealers to continue advertising used cars as certified and “safe” even if those vehicles have unrepaired safety recalls
Senators today called on FTC and NHTSA to redraft the proposed settlements to ensure consumers have the information they need to stay safe
[WASHINGTON, DC] – U.S. Senators Richard Blumenthal (D-CT), Chuck Schumer (D-NY), Edward J. Markey (D-MA), Bill Nelson (D-FL), and Dick Durbin (D-IL) today called on the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to ensure used car dealers cannot advertise a car as ‘safe’ if it has an unrepaired safety recall. Recent proposed settlements between the FTC and used car dealers allow dealers to continue advertising used cars as certified and “safe” even if those vehicles have unrepaired safety recalls. The Senators today called on the FTC and NHTSA to redraft the proposed settlements to ensure consumers have the critical safety information they need when buying a car.
“Congress has long debated whether dealers should be allowed to sell used cars subject to open safety recalls,” the Senators wrote. “We firmly believe that the law should prohibit such sales, as it currently does for new cars with open safety recalls. These proposed settlements wade into this contentious public policy debate, and we believe they would establish an anti-consumer, anti-safety precedent with far-reaching policy implications. Accordingly, we urge you to work together, and in good faith, to leverage your respective agency’s expertise and redraft the proposed settlements so they ensure that consumers receive meaningful information regarding the safety of their potential used vehicle purchases and that public safety is not compromised.
The text of today’s letter is available here and below:
Dear Administrator Rosekind and Chairwoman Ramirez:
We write with serious safety concerns regarding the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) recent proposed settlements with General Motors Company, Jim Koons Management, and Lithia Motors Inc, regarding their failure to adequately disclose unrepaired safety recalls when advertising their used car inspection programs. The proposed settlements would allow dealers to continue to advertise used cars as “safe,” “repaired for safety issues,” and having been rigorously and extensively inspected, including that they are certified—a term that connotes safety—even if those vehicles have unrepaired safety recalls. As such, in their current form, these proposed settlements would fail to address the wrongdoing at hand.
We understand that, at our behest, your two agencies have discussed these proposed settlements. Nevertheless, we remain concerned that this important public safety and public policy matter has not received the heightened scrutiny it deserves. Congress has long debated whether dealers should be allowed to sell used cars subject to open safety recalls. We firmly believe that the law should prohibit such sales, as it currently does for new cars with open safety recalls. These proposed settlements wade into this contentious public policy debate, and we believe they would establish an anti-consumer, anti-safety precedent with far-reaching policy implications. Accordingly, we urge you to work together, and in good faith, to leverage your respective agency’s expertise and redraft the proposed settlements so they ensure that consumers receive meaningful information regarding the safety of their potential used vehicle purchases and that public safety is not compromised.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has publicly stated time and time again that all recalls are safety recalls that need to be fixed. In 2011, a spokeswoman for NHTSA said, “All safety recalls resulting from defects present an unreasonable risk to safety and we believe it is inappropriate to suggest that some defects are not risky enough to require repair.” In a 2013 hearing, former Administrator David Strickland testified, “All NHTSA safety recalls address an unreasonable risk to safety and should not be ignored.” In addition, NHTSA’s current FAQ on vehicle recalls explicitly states, “A recall is issued when a manufacturer or NHTSA determines that a vehicle, equipment, car seat, or tire creates an unreasonable safety risk or fails to meet minimum safety standards.” There is no question that any vehicle with an outstanding recall is an unsafe vehicle.
In contrast to NHTSA’s longstanding position, the FTC’s proposed settlements would allow dealers to continue committing the same wrongdoing that was the impetus for the Commission’s actions. Car dealers would still be able to represent that a pre-owned vehicle is “safe,” has been “repaired for safety issues,” and has passed a “rigorous safety inspection” or to label a pre-owned car as being certified even when it is being sold with an unrepaired safety recall. A certified used vehicle with an unrepaired safety recall is inherently misleading. Perhaps more alarming, the proposed settlements would only require dealers to make a blanket statement that their rigorously inspected and certified used vehicles “may be subject to unrepaired recalls.” Consequently, this “disclosure” arguably amounts to nothing more than a legal disclaimer that could absolve dealers from their responsibilities and would likely do little, if anything, to meaningfully convey to consumers the existence of an open recall and dissuade them from purchasing such vehicles due to their safety risks.
The sale of any car with an unrepaired safety recall is a threat to public safety. We support the concerns raised in the comments recently filed by a number of consumer groups that no dealer should be able to advertise that a car is certified or any similar terminology connoting safety, if the car is subject to an outstanding recall. Please report back by August 10, 2016 on how you intend to cooperate and work together to amend the proposed settlements and ensure that car dealers cannot mislead and deceive consumers about the safety of their prospective purchases.
NEWS: For Immediate Release: Wednesday, June 1, 2016
Contact: Rosemary Shahan, President, Consumers for Auto Reliability and Safety, 530-759-9440
New Federal Safety Recall Law Takes Effect
As the nation's travel season heats up, motorists and their families now have a new level of
protection from unsafe, recalled cars. Today, the Raechel and Jacqueline Houck Safe Rental Car Act
takes effect. The Act, named for two sisters, ages 24 and 20, who were killed by a recalled rental car,
makes it a violation of federal law for rental car companies with fleets of 35 or more rental or loaner
cars (including some car dealers), to rent, loan, or sell defective, unsafe recalled cars until the safety
defects have been repaired.
The new law is the first major expansion of the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration's authority over safety recalls since the agency was created in the 1960's. For the first
time, NHTSA will be able to crack down on covered rental car companies and car dealers, and issue
fines or invoke other sanctions, to help prevent tragedies like the crash that claimed Raechel and
“I'm thrilled that the Safe Rental Car Act named for my beautiful, treasured daughters, Raechel
and Jacqueline, is now the law of the land. But I'm worried about the loaner car loophole for car dealers
and remain committed to closing that dangerous safety gap,” said Cally Houck, Mother of Raechel and
Jacqueline. The Houcks filed a lawsuit against the rental car company under state laws against
negligence and wrongful death, and won a unanimous jury verdict.
“If this law was in existence when my cherished, beautiful daughter Jewel rented a car, she
would still be alive today,” said Alexander Brangman. In 2014, his 26-year- old daughter Jewel died
while driving a rented 2001 Honda Civic. Tragically, the recalled car had an unrepaired and defective
Takata airbag, which exploded in her face during a low speed chain reaction fender bender. Passengers
in the other vehicles were able to walk away from the crash site without injuries. However in Jewel’s
case, the shrapnel from the defective airbag sliced an artery in her neck, causing her to bleed to
death. The small rental car company in San Diego, CA that rented the Honda to Jewel had
approximately 55 vehicles for rent, and would be covered under the new Act.
U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer (D-NY), the principal author of the Act, said, “This law is going
to save lives, period. Families heading out for vacation or businesspeople on travel should never have
to wonder if their rental car is under recall when they drive it off the lot. Thanks to this bill, the
millions of people who rent cars every year will have peace of mind that rental car companies can't rent
or sell cars that they know are unsafe.”
“I am so proud that the Raechel and Jacqueline Houck Safe Rental Car Act takes effect today
so that the public can be assured when they rent a car, it cannot be under recall,” said U.S. Senator
Barbara Boxer (D-CA), a leading champion for the Act. “It is outrageous that some loaner vehicles
were exempted from the law and we must act to close this dangerous loophole.”
“When consumers and families drive a rental car off the lot, they should be able to do so with
the confidence that car is safe to drive, and our legislation will help achieve that peace of mind,” said
Senator Claire McCaskill, former Chairman of the Senate Subcommittee on Consumer Protection.
“Companies like Honda and GM, as well as the rental car industry and consumer and safety advocates
rallied support for our commonsense plan that will help ensure any rental cars subject to recall are
grounded, and that companies violating that law are held accountable.”
“Implementation of the Raechel and Jacqueline Houck Safe Rental Car Act is an important
consumer safety measure that is long overdue,” Rep. Lois Capps said. “If a car is deemed too
dangerous to sell, it is too dangerous to rent — it’s that simple. Thanks to the tireless efforts of
advocates like Cally Houck, we have now made our roads safer. This commonsense, bipartisan law
will undoubtedly protect public safety and prevent more unspeakable tragedies from occurring.”
“The Safe Rental Car Act will save lives and assure Americans that the vehicles they rent are free of known defects,” said Rep. Jan Schakowsky. “Rental car companies should never rent out cars that are unsafe. Sadly, for far too many families these vital protections come too late. But thanks to the hard work of family members who channeled their grief and anger into advocacy, we now have a law to prevent future deaths. We must continue to work to ensure that every vehicle bought or rented is safe.”
Rental car companies are the largest purchasers of new cars in North America. They are also
among the largest sellers of used cars. So under the new federal law, millions of used cars will also be
required to be repaired, in addition to existing state laws that prohibit dealers from selling unsafe
products to the public.
However, thanks to a last-minute loophole added by the Republican House of Representatives at
the behest of auto dealers, and carried by Rep. Roger Williams (R), a Texas car dealer, the Act applies
only to companies with a fleet of 35 or more rental or loaner vehicles, on average – exempting many
auto dealers. If a dealer who is not covered by the new law rents, loans, or sells an unsafe recalled car,
it would still be a violation of various state laws, such as laws against false advertising, unfair and
deceptive acts and practices, or violations of express or implied warranties, or – if someone is injured
or killed as a result -- negligence or wrongful death, but NHTSA is not able to enforce those laws.
The leading Congressional champions for passage of the Act were U.S. Senators Schumer,
Boxer, McCaskill, Nelson, and Blumenthal, and Representatives Capps, Schakowsky, Butterfield, and
Jones. The Senate measure was also co-sponsored by Senators Casey, Feinstein, and Gillibrand. U.S
Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx and NHTSA Administrator Mark Rosekind, M.D. also
advocated strongly for its passage. The DOT's request to Congress, for enactment of the FAST Act,
included provisions calling for NHTSA to have authority to curb rental car companies and car dealers'
illegal sales of ALL recalled rentals / loaners or used cars.
In a commendable move, the rental car industry, including Enterprise, Hertz, Avis, Dollar-
thrifty, Alamo, National, and the American Car Rental Association, as well as many smaller rental car
companies, helped persuade lawmakers to vote for the Act, and worked alongside Cally Houck,
Consumers for Auto Reliability and Safety, and other supporters for passage of the new law. General
Motors and Honda broke ranks with other auto manufacturers and also supported the bill.
The Senate and House both rejected attempts by some auto manufacturers and by the National
Automobile Dealers Association to kill the bill, or to legalize rentals and loaners of recalled vehicles
with “disclosure” -- shifting liability onto the victims of unsafe vehicles.
In contrast to the position of the Department of Transportation and National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration that recalled cars should not be rented or sold to consumers, unless the safety
defects have been repaired, the Federal Trade Commission is on the brink of approving settlements
with General Motors and the Lithia and Koons auto dealership chains that would allow them to
advertise that defective recalled cars are “safe,” have “been repaired for safety,” or have passed a
“rigorous inspection” and qualified to sold as “certified” cars without repairing the safety recalls, if
they merely disclose that the “certified” used vehicles may be subject to a safety recall.
Consumers for Auto Reliability and Safety, many other consumer groups, and Cally Houck are
actively opposing the FTC's proposed consent agreements, which would undermine existing state
consumer protection laws. If they are finalized, the consent agreements would be in effect for 20 years.
Meanwhile, they could be used by unscrupulous auto dealers in litigation, against victims injured or
killed by recalled cars, and as grounds to oppose any further improvements in federal law.
Parents of daughters killed by unrepaired recalled cars to
National Automobile Dealers Association Chairman:
His claim only 6% of auto safety recalls are "hazardous"
Is "Dangerous, irresponsible, and dead wrong"
National Automobile Dealers Association Chairman Carlson: killer defect NOT "hazardous"
Parents of children killed by unrepaired recalled cars are calling on the new Chairman of the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA), car dealer Jeff Carlson, to retract his dangerous claim that "only 6% of recalls are 'hazardous.'"
The parents include:
Cally Houck, mother of Raechel and Jacqueline Houck, who were only 20 and 24 when they were killed by a recalled PT Cruiser that caught on fire and lost steering. Read Cally's letter.
Alexander Brangman, father of Jewel Brangman, who was only 26 when she was killed by a recalled Honda Civic with an exploding Takata air bag. Read Alexander's letter.
Laura Gipe Christian, birth mother of Amber Marie Rose, who was only 16 when she was killed by the GM ignition switch defect that has killed over 124 people, and injured more than 274 others. Read Laura's letter.
In a letter to the NADA Chairman, Cally Houck and Alexander Brangman wrote:
Jewel Brangman, in this photo with her father, Alexander, was killed by a recalled Takata air bag, in a low-speed collision
"As parents of precious, beautiful talented daughters killed by recalled cars with lethal safety defects, we are appalled that you would claim that 'only 6% of recalls are "hazardous."' Our daughters were driving or riding in cars with the very defects that you claim are not hazardous, and therefore acceptable for your car dealer members to sell to the public without repairing the defects first. Not only is your assessment of the risks posed by auto safety recalls totally false, but it is dangerous, irresponsible, and dead wrong."
Alexander's daughter Jewel Brangman was only 26 when she was killed by a recalled Takata air bag that severed an artery in her neck, after a low-impact collision, causing her to bleed to death. According to Carlson, a Colorado auto dealer, because Honda chose not to issue a voluntary, discretionary “stop drive” warning at the time, that defect was not “hazardous.”
In a report provided by the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the AAMA found that auto manufacturers chose to issue a "do not drive" warning in only 6% of safety recalls. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the agency lacks the authority to mandate that auto manufacturers issue such a warning.
Recalled PT Cruiser that killed Raechel and Jacqueline Houck, ages 20 and 24. NADA Chairman claims this defect was NOT "hazardous"
Cally's daughters Raechel and Jacqueline were only 24 and 20 when they were killed by a recalled Chrysler PT Cruiser with a steering hose defect. According to NADA's Carlson, because Chrysler chose not to issue a voluntary “stop drive” warning at the time, their deaths do not count either, when it comes to how he and the National Automobile Dealers Association decide which safety defects are “hazardous.”
The parents also wrote that Carlson shows "a stunning disregard for the individuals and families across the nation who have suffered profound losses due to defects such as exploding Takata air bags, which remain in millions of vehicles across the nation. Those ticking time-bombs have already killed at least eleven people, most recently a 17-year-old teenager in Texas. They have also blinded a military officer and a young boy, and caused many other serious injuries."
Laura's daughter Amber's crash was attributed to a faulty ignition switch in her GM Chevrolet Cobalt, which apparently shut off the engine while the car was in motion – affecting the steering and braking, and cutting power to the air bags, which didn't inflate when the car hit a tree in Dentsville, Md.
Amber Marie Rose. age 16, was killed by a faulty GM ignition switch
Laura Gipe Christian wrote to NADA's Carlson: "I am absolutely appalled by your callous comments concerning auto recalls. To say that only 6% of all safety recalls is hazardous is a gross misrepresentation of the truth. As a parent of a child who died because her daughter’s vehicle wasn’t recalled, this type of rhetoric is a slap in the face. There are hundreds of other parents in this country who have been impacted by our broken recall system. Numerous lives have been forever changed because auto manufacturers and auto suppliers like Takata were focused on cover-ups instead of safety.
Given your position, policymakers as well as consumers view you as an industry “expert” and they take your word seriously. But, your remarks down play the seriousness of a very scary situation here in our country. Frankly, you should be ashamed."
U.S. Rep. Jan Schakowsky (D-IL) queries Dr. Rosekind,
Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration,
about NADA President Jeff Carlson's appalling statement:
Other lethal safety defects affecting millions of vehicles, where manufacturers chose not to issue a "do not drive" warning:
Raechel and Jackie's Mother asks: "Don't Raechel and Jackie's deaths count?"
GM ignition switches that turn to "off," causing a loss of braking and steering, and the air bags to fail to inflate when needed, in a crash
sticking accelerator pedals
catching on fire
axles that break
wheels that fall off
safety belts that fail in a crash
carbon monoxide poisoning
hoods that fly up while you're driving, obscuring vision
Consumer - Auto Safety Groups Call on
Federal Trade Commission
To Halt Dealer Sales of Unsafe Recalled Used Cars
Will Federal Trade Commission protect used car buyers, or unscrupulous dealers?
Just because you can't afford a new car, doesn't mean a car dealer should be able to get away with selling you a ticking automotive time bomb with a lethal safety defect, under the guise of "disclosing" that it had an unrepaired safety recall.
That's the core message consumer and auto safety groups are sending to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission, urging the agency to step up its game in protecting the American public from unsafe recalled used cars. The groups are responding to the FTC's proposal to settle cases brought against GM, Jim Koons Management, and Lithia Motors, Inc. over sales of "certified" used cars. Their advertising claimed all the cars had passed a rigorous inspection, before they could qualify to be sold as "certified". However, the dealers had failed to get the safety recall defects repaired.
According to the FTC's announcement of the settlements, “Under the proposed consent orders, which would remain in effect for 20 years, the companies are prohibited from claiming that their used vehicles are safe or have been subject to a rigorous inspection unless they are free of unrepaired safety recalls, or unless the companies clearly disclose the existence of the recalls in close proximity to the inspection claims. The proposed orders also would prohibit the companies from misrepresenting material facts about the safety of used cars they advertise.” [Emphasis added.]
The groups pointed out that "The proposed settlements would allow car dealers to sell 'certified' vehicles, advertised as having passed rigorous inspections, if the dealers merely “disclose” to prospective car buyers the existence (or potential existence) of unrepaired safety recalls. Such settlements could unfortunately do more harm than good. They could perversely encourage even more unethical and unscrupulous car dealers to engage in reckless practices and play “used car roulette” with the public's safety."
Instead, the groups urged the agency to "prohibit dealers from selling any 'certified' vehicle to a consumer if it has unperformed safety recalls. The consent orders should not rely on mere disclosure of a safety defect at all, but it would be particularly harmful to rely on disclosures of open safety recalls when a vehicle is advertised as having passed an inspection, or being “certified,” or safe.
The American public agrees: "Certified" cars must mean they are safe.
A nationwide poll of likely voters conducted by Public Policy Polling on February 16-17 of this year
found that a whopping 92% of voters who responded agreed that they would expect a car advertised
as passing a rigorous inspection to be safe; 87% would expect the car to be without any serious
safety defects; 77% would expect it to be free from any unrepaired safety recalls.
An overwhelming 89% believe that when a dealer advertises that a car was thoroughly
inspected and qualified to be sold as a “certified” car, but fails to repair a safety recall defect, that is
deceptive. Only 21% agreed that car dealers should be allowed to advertise that a car was thoroughly
inspected and qualified to be sold as “certified,” if they disclose in writing that there is a safety recall,
while 75% agreed that disclosure of the recall is not enough, and that the safety recall should actually
have been fixed.
Nationwide Polling results (Commissioned by the CARS Foundation)
Raechel and Jacqueline Houck, ages 24 and 20,
were killed by an unrepaired recalled car
Cally Houck of Ojai, CA, sent a similar message. Her daughters, Raechel and Jacqueline, were ages 24 and 20 when they were killed by an unrepaired recalled car. She told the FTC: "I oppose the FTC's proposed settlements with GM, Lithia and Koons. Allowing dealers to sell “certified” used cars with “disclosure” would make it “open season” on car buyers and their families, by legalizing the deceptive sales of deathtrap cars. Make no mistake. Allowing the sales of recalled used cars with 'disclosure' would protect car dealers, not consumers. Not only are such practices illegal, but they are totally irresponsible and reckless, and show an utter disregard for human life."
Cally Houck's message continued:
"If the FTC's proposed settlements had been in effect when my daughters were buying a car, they would not have saved my daughters. Had they even noticed and read a “disclosure” about the recall, my girls, in their early 20's, with no engineering or mechanical experience, and no awareness of other fatalities associated with that defect, would not have been equipped to accurately assess the risk involved. If they had been told verbally that the defect did not pose a serious hazard, in all likelihood they would have believed it. And after their deaths, there would have been no way to prove what they were told."
Car dealer bill to legalize sales of unsafe
recalled used cars fails in Virginia
Richmond VA. Update: In another major win for consumers and public safety, Virginia legislators rejected car dealers' attempt to legalize selling unsafe, defective recalled used cars to consumers, without getting them repaired first.
The lawmakers faced mounting pressure from consumer advocates and safety organizations, and the potential for increased public exposure in the media. Car dealers sought changes to the law in Virginia, which prohibits them from selling unsafe recalled used cars, and protects car buyers and their families.
The biggest loser was CarMax, which has made it a practice to deliberately sell consumers vehicles that the company knows are unsafe. This victory was all the more remarkable because CarMax has its headquarters in Richmond, and has a lot of political sway. CarMax is the largest retailer of used cars in the country. CarMax advertises that all its vehicles must pass a "rigorous 125+ point inspection," in order to qualify to be sold as "CarMax Quality Certified" cars. But the company doesn't bother getting the safety recall repairs performed prior to sale.
Virginia Car Dealers to Used Car Buyers: DROP DEAD!!
Brazen Attempt to Legalize Sales of Unrepaired, Unsafe Recalled Cars with Lethal Safety Defects
Virginia auto dealers are mounting a sneak attack aimed at making it legal, for the first time, for car dealers in VA to get away with selling unsafe recalled used cars without fixing the potentially lethal safety defects first. The car dealers are backing two bills, SB 709 (authored by Republican Senator Ryan McDougle) and HB 1232 (carried by Republican Delegate Greg Habeeb).
The bills were introduced without fanfare, at a time when car dealers nationwide are facing increased scrutiny by federal regulators over their deceptive sales of unsafe recalled used cars and mounting pressure by the U.S. National Highway Safety Administration. In addition, CarMax, the nation's largest used car dealership chain, with headquarters in Richmond, VA, is also under fire over its deceptive and misleading sales practices, which have been the target of numerous media investigations and reports issued by the CARS Foundation and PIRG Education Funds in California, Massachusetts and Connecticut. Over 97,000 people have signed a petition calling on CarMax to stop selling unsafe recalled cars. https://www.change.org/p/carmax-stop-selling-unsafe-recalled-cars-to-consumers-2
It is already illegal, in all 50 states, for dealers to sell unsafe new or used vehicles to consumers. Dealers who sell unsafe recalled used cars face severe penalties and sanctions, including loss of their license to conduct business, punitive damages that may cost them millions of dollars, major fines, and other penalties for violations of state laws. For example, a jury unanimously awarded the Houck family $15 million after Raechel and Jacqueline Houck were killed by an unrepaired recalled car. Their parents sued under state laws that prohibit negligence or wrongful death. Dealers also face legal sanctions for violating laws against engaging in unfair or deceptive acts and practices, violating express or implied warranties, or engaging in fraud. Any dealer who fails to disclose a "material" fact -- concealing information that is important -- may be guilty of criminal fraud. Findings of fraud have sometimes led to hefty jury verdicts against dealers, helping deter other dealers from engaging in such practices.
Depending on how dealers advertise their cars, their sales of unrepaired recalled used cars may also be a violation of federal law. Recently, the Federal Trade Commission announced a crackdown against GM and its dealers, Lithia Motors, and Jim Koons Management Company, which is based in Virginia, over their advertising and sales of unrepaired recalled used vehicles as so-called "certified" cars. Typically, manufacturers and dealers advertise "certified" vehicles as being superior to other vehicles, using terms like "nearly new" and telling consumers to "expect perfection." They also charge extra for "certified" cars and claim they must pass a "rigorous" inspection of many specific components, claiming they inspect 125+ or 170 or more different points / components.
According to the Daily Press in Richmond, the car dealers deny that their bills are anti-consumer. Don Hall, president and CEO of the Virginia Automobile Dealers Association, downplayed alarms raised about the bills, and even claimed that "the vast majority of recalls are for minor things."
However, that is false. In fact, that is exactly the type of misleading, irresponsible statement that could trick car buyers into the mistaken notion that a recall may not be serious, when it may actually pose a serious risk of death or devastating injuries. It may also lead car buyers into believing there is no urgency need to getting their car's safety recall repaired.
GM similarly downplayed the threat posed by faulty ignition switch defects for over a decade, while hundreds of its customers were injured or killed. One of GM's victims was Lara Gass, a beautiful, talented, young woman and beloved daughter. Ms. Gass, an honors student and law review editor at the Washington and Lee University School of Law in Lexington, Va., was driving on Interstate 81 in Virginia one Tuesday morning. According to a report in the New York Times, "On March 15, three days before the accident, Ms. Gass’s parents received the recall notice from G.M. with its warning not to drive with any objects on the key chain. Mr. Gass scanned it into his computer and forwarded it in an email to Lara, who was in Washington with friends running a half-marathon...Ms. Gass, 27, was killed after crashing into a tractor-trailer on her way to work as an intern for a federal judge."
Typical types of safety defects that lead to safety recalls:
Seat belts that fail in a crash
Air bags that explode with excessive force and spew shrapnel into faces and necks, causing blindness and bleeding to death
Axles that break
Wheels that fall off
Child safety seat anchors that fail to latch
Components that burst into flames
Fuel leaks that cause carbon monoxide poisoning
Ignition switches that cause a loss of steering and braking, and also disengage the air bags
Sticking accelerator pedals
Stalling in traffic
Richmond, VA. CARS President Rosemary Shahan participates in news conference with US Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx,
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Administrator Dr. Mark Rosekind, Richmond, VA Mayor Dwight Jones, and allies from the rental car industry.
Secretary Foxx and Administrator Rosekind called upon auto dealers to stop foisting unsafe recalled rental, loaner, or used cars onto the public.
Daily News Report: Sudden Disagreement: Is car bill good for consumers, or bad?
The car dealers' legislation in VA is even worse than similar legislation that was defeated by consumer and labor organizations in California and New Jersey. That's because it also would impose a new, unprecedented burden on consumers to get the safety recalls on their vehicles repaired. For most people, that means having to time from work, losing income due to lost hours of work, and hassling over getting an appointment to have the repairs performed. Most dealers only perform repairs during regular business hours and on weekdays, making the logistics difficult for many working families. Plus if there are no repair parts available, there could be lengthy delays -- months, or even years -- before it is possible to get the defects repaired. Meanwhile, the consumer would have little choice other than to keep driving an unsafe vehicle.
Here are links to letters of opposition to the bill in CA. The same arguments also apply to the bills in VA:
Other opponents include: Trauma Foundation, Center for Auto Safety, and Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety.
Sweet Victory for Consumers
President Obama Signs Raechel and Jacqueline Houck Safe Rental Car Act
Work still needed to close car dealers' "Loaner car loophole"
Raechel and Jacqueline Houck were killed by a recalled rental car
After over 5 years of battles, the U.S. Congress passed the Raechel and Jacqueline Houck Rental Car Safety Act in the federal Highway Bill, known as the "DRIVE Act," and President Obama signed it into law. The Act is scheduled to take effect next June. It will prohibit nearly all rental car companies, including many car dealers, from renting, loaning, or selling recalled vehicles until the safety defects have been repaired. Existing federal law prohibits dealers from selling recalled new vehicles, but there was no similar federal law regarding rentals and loaner cars.
The new law is a major new expansion of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's authority over safety recalls. For the first time, the agency will be able to police used vehicles provided by rental car companies, including car dealers, as rentals or loaners. Nearly all vehicles rented or sold by rental car companies will be required to be safe. Rental car companies are the largest purchasers of new cars in North America. They are also among the largest sellers of used cars. So this means that millions of used cars will also be safer, when they re-enter the used car market. However, thanks to a last-minute loophole added at the behest of auto dealers, the Act would apply only if the company rents or loans a fleet of 35 or more vehicles, on average – exempting many auto dealers. If a dealer rents, loans, or sells an unsafe recalled car, it would still be a violation of various state laws, but NHTSA is not able to enforce those laws.
Cally Houck has been a tireless advocate for improving rental and loaner car safety
“I'm thrilled that we've finally passed the Rental Car Safety Act named for my beautiful, treasured daughters, Raechel and Jacqueline. But I'm worried about the loaner car loophole for car dealers and remain committed to closing that dangerous safety gap,” said Cally Houck, Mother of Raechel and Jacqueline Houck, who were ages 24 and 20 when they were killed by a recalled rental car.
The leading champions for passage of the Act were U.S. Senators Schumer, Boxer, McCaskill, Nelson, and Blumenthal, and Representatives Capps, Schakowsky, Butterfield, and Jones. The Senate measure was also co-sponsored by Senators Casey, Feinstein, Gillibrand, and Markey. The Obama Administration was also strongly supportive of passage.
Sweet Victory! Greg Houck, Cally Houck, and U.S. Senator Charles Schumer commemorate passage of Raechel and Jackie's law. Sen. Schumer was a leading champion of the law.
Thanks to the new law, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will be able to police rental car companies and dealers who have fleets of 35 or more rentals or loaner vehicles, and fine them if they violate the law – preventing tragedies like the crash that killed Raechel and Jackie.
The Senate and House both rejected attempts by the auto manufacturers and car dealers to kill the bill, or to allow rentals and loaners of recalled vehicles with “disclosure,” which would merely shift liability onto the victims of unsafe vehicles. The rental car industry, including Enterprise, Hertz, Avis, Dollar-thrifty, Alamo, National, and the American Car Rental Association, as well as many smaller rental car companies, helped persuade lawmakers to vote for the Act, and worked alongside Cally Houck and CARS for passage of the new law. The lone exception was the owner of Rent-a-Wreck, Jack Fitzgerald, a car dealer, who actively opposed the bill and lobbied against its passage.
US Rep. Roger Williams (R-Texas), a car dealer, introduced a special-interest amendment to exempt car dealers from the bill, and to allow them to rent or loan unrepaired recalled vehicles regardless how unsafe they are, or how many people they have maimed or killed, without having to worry about NHTSA enforcement. U.S. Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA), and Rep. Jan Schakowsky (D-IL) argued against the dealer loophole on the House Floor, pointing out that the amendment would mean that consumers who take a recalled car to a dealer for repairs could be loaned another recalled car with the exact same defect. Despite polling showing that the public overwhelmingly opposes this loophole, the Williams amendment passed near midnight, with few Representatives left on the House floor to cast votes, by a voice vote, with some voting “No.”
Greg Houck, Cally Houck, Senator Barbara Boxer, and Pamela Gilbert (who represents CARS in Washington, DC), celebrate passage of the Raechel and Jacqueline Houck Safe Rental Car Act. Sen. Boxer was a leading champion of the law.
While Rep. Williams claimed that the loaner loophole would apply only to minor problems that do not affect safety, it would actually apply to ALL safety recalls, including defects such as catching on fire, brake failures, loss of steering, stalling in traffic, wheels that fall off, axles that break, child safety seat anchors that fail, seat belts that break apart in a crash, and air bags that spew shrapnel that blinds people and slices into their necks, causing them to bleed to death.
Rep. Williams also claimed that no dealer would loan or sell an unsafe vehicle. However, many news reports have exposed cases where dealers have handed customers the keys to vehicles with potentially lethal safety defects, causing crashes and even catching a home on fire. In one tragic crash, four family members were killed by an unsafe Lexus loaner car. In Texas, Carlos Solis was killed by a recalled used car with an exploding Takata air bag when a dealer failed to get the car repaired prior to sale. CarMax, the largest retailer of used cars in the nation, openly admits that it sells large numbers of unsafe recalled vehicles without bothering to get the free safety recall repairs done first.
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, “All safety recalls resulting from defects present an unreasonable risk to safety and we believe it is inappropriate to suggest that some defects are not risky enough to require repair. For the safety of the motoring public, all recalled vehicles should be fixed promptly.”1
SCally Houck, Rep. Lois Capps, Greg Houck, and Pamela Gilbert (who represents CARS in Washington, DC), commemorate passage of Raechel and Jackie's Law. Rep. Capps was a leading champion of the law.
Recently, the Campaign Legal Center urged the House Ethics Committee and the Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE) to review Texas Republican Rep. Roger Williams' conduct in authoring a special-interest amendment that would benefit his own business, as a car dealer.
The Act will improve both rental car and used car safety, by reducing the numbers of recalled rental and used cars that re-enter the used car market. However, Congress failed to close the used car safety gap, due to heavy opposition from the National Automobile Dealers Association.
To its credit, AutoNation has publicly announced that they guarantee a recall-free vehicle, including used cars. They have also announced that they will not penalize consumers who trade in a vehicle with an open recall by dinging them over the price.
NEWS for immediate release: December 1, 2015
Contact: Rosemary Shahan, President, CARS, 530-759-9440
Congress Nears Passage of Rental Car Safety Act in Highway Bill
Safety advocates seek to close dangerous loaner car loophole
After over 5 years of battles, the U.S. Congress is nearing passage of the Raechel and
Jacqueline Houck Rental Car Safety Act in the federal Highway Bill that is expected to be voted upon
this week. The Act would prohibit nearly all rental car companies, including many car dealers, from
renting, loaning, or selling recalled vehicles until the safety defects have been repaired. Existing federal
law prohibits dealers from selling recalled new vehicles, but there is no similar law regarding rentals.
Raechel and Jacqueline Houck were killed by a recalled rental car
Passage would be a major new expansion of NHTSA's authority over safety recalls. For the
first time, the agency would be able to police used vehicles provided by rental car companies, including
car dealers, as rentals or loaners – but thanks to a last-minute loophole added at the behest of auto
dealers, the Act would apply only if the company rents or loans a fleet of 35 or more vehicles, on
average – excluding many auto dealers.
“I'm thrilled that we're finally close to passage of the Rental Car Safety Act named for my
beautiful, treasured daughters, Raechel and Jacqueline. But I'm worried about the loaner car loophole
for car dealers and remain committed to closing that dangerous safety gap,” said Cally Houck, Mother
of Raechel and Jacqueline Houck, who were ages 24 and 20 when they were killed by a recalled rental
The leading champions for passage of the Act are Senators Schumer, Boxer, McCaskill, Nelson,
and Blumenthal, and Representatives Capps, Schakowsky, Butterfield, and Jones. The Senate measure
was also co-sponsored by Senators Casey, Feinstein, Gillibrand, and Markey. The Obama
Administration has also been strongly supportive of passage.
Thanks to this provision, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will be able to
police rental car companies and dealers who have fleets of 35 or more rentals or loaner vehicles, and
fine them if they violate the law – preventing tragedies like the crash that killed Raechel and Jackie.
Currently, it is a violation of state laws for rental car companies or dealers to engage in such practices,
but generally those laws are not enforceable by individual consumers or their survivors unless they
have suffered damages, such as property damage, personal injury, or death. NHTSA will be able to act
without having to wait for a crash to occur.
The Senate and House both rejected attempts by the auto manufacturers and car dealers to kill
the bill, or to allow rentals and loaners of recalled vehicles with “disclosure,” which would merely shift
liability onto the victims of unsafe vehicles. The rental car industry, including Enterprise, Hertz, Avis,
Dollar-thrifty, Alamo, National, and the American Car Rental Association, as well as many smaller
rental car companies, helped persuade lawmakers to vote for the bill. The lone exception was the owner
of Rent-a-Wreck, Jack Fitzgerald, a car dealer, who actively opposed the bill and lobbied against its
US Rep. Roger Williams (R-Texas), a car dealer, introduced a special-interest amendment to
exempt car dealers from the bill, and to allow them to rent or loan unrepaired recalled vehicles
regardless how unsafe they are, or how many people they have maimed or killed, without having to
worry about NHTSA enforcement. U.S. Rep. Lois Capps (D-CA), and Rep. Jan Schakowsky (D-IL)
argued against the dealer loophole on the House Floor, pointing out that the amendment would mean
that consumers who take a recalled car to a dealer for repairs could be loaned another recalled car with
the exact same defect. Despite polling showing that the public overwhelmingly opposes this loophole,
the Williams amendment passed near midnight, with few Representatives left on the House floor to cast
votes, by a voice vote, with some voting “No.”
Cally Houck has been a tireless advocate for improving rental and loaner car safety
While Rep. Williams claimed that the loaner loophole would apply only to minor problems that
do not affect safety, it would actually apply to ALL safety recalls, including defects such as catching on
fire, brake failures, loss of steering, stalling in traffic, wheels that fall off, axles that break, child safety
seat anchors that fail, seat belts that break apart in a crash, and air bags that spew shrapnel that blinds
people and slices into their necks, causing them to bleed to death.
Rep. Williams also claimed that no dealer would loan or sell an unsafe vehicle. However, many
news reports have exposed cases where dealers have handed customers the keys to vehicles with
potentially lethal safety defects, causing crashes and even catching a home on fire. In one tragic crash,
four family members were killed by an unsafe Lexus loaner car. In Texas, Carlos Solis was killed by a
recalled used car with an exploding Takata air bag when a dealer failed to get the car repaired prior to
sale. CarMax, the largest retailer of used cars in the nation, openly admits that it sells large numbers of
unsafe recalled vehicles without bothering to get the free safety recall repairs done first.
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, “All safety recalls resulting
from defects present an unreasonable risk to safety and we believe it is inappropriate to suggest that
some defects are not risky enough to require repair. For the safety of the motoring public, all recalled
vehicles should be fixed promptly.”1
Recently, the Campaign Legal Center urged the House Ethics Committee and the Office of
Congressional Ethics (OCE) to review Texas Republican Rep. Roger Williams' conduct in authoring a
special-interest amendment that would benefit his own business, as a car dealer.
The Act will improve both rental car and used car safety, by reducing the numbers of recalled
rental and used cars that re-enter the used car market. However, Congress failed to close the used car
safety gap, due to heavy opposition from the National Automobile Dealers Association.
To its credit, AutoNation has publicly announced that they guarantee a recall-free vehicle,
including used cars. They have also announced that they will not penalize consumers who trade in a
vehicle with an open recall by dinging them over the price.
1 Official statement issued by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, April 4, 2011
Car dealer Congressman's loophole for dangerous
recalled rental and loaner cars
Leads to call for ethics investigations
Defective Lexus loaner car kills 4 family members within hours of when Bob Baker car dealership hands CHP Officer Mark Saylor the keys
A nationally recognized government-ethics watchdog organization based in Washington, D.C., the Campaign Legal Center, is urging the House Ethics Committee and the Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE) to review Texas Republican Rep. Roger Williams' conduct in authoring a special-interest amendment that would benefit his own business, as a car dealer. He pushed the amendment through near midnight during debate on the House Floor over the Raechel and Jacqueline Houck Safe Rental Car Act. The amendment would grant car dealers a special exemption from the Act, allowing them to rent or loan unsafe recalled vehicles to the public, without having to wait to get the safety defects -- such as exploding Takata air bags, catching on fire, faulty brakes, or steering loss -- repaired first.
The Center stated in a news release: “Members creating carve-outs that directly benefit their own business interests severely undermines the public’s belief that Members of Congress are acting in the public interest,” said Meredith McGehee, Campaign Legal Center Policy Director. “The specific actions of Rep. Williams must be reviewed for compliance with current rules, but even if he did clear his amendment with the Ethics Committee, his actions are a prime example of why the current rules are both too weak and in need of further clarification.”
The Center issued a letter to Ethics Committee Chair Charles Dent (R-PA) and Ranking Member Linda Sanchez (D-CA) and OCE Co-Chairs David Skaggs and Judy Biggert, urging a review of Rep. Williams’ conduct. The Center also asked the Committee to recommend changes to clarify House rules concerning recusal [removing oneself from participating in the debate and / or vote] and conflicts of interest by Members.
NEVER trust that a dealer will have the safety recall repairs performed before selling you a car that is being recalled. Dealers are so eager to make a buck, fast, they are unwilling to delay sales long enough to get the safety recall repairs done -- for FREE.
Plus -- dealers are actively opposing legislation in Washington, DC and in California that would prohibit them from renting, selling, leasing, or loaning unsafe, recalled vehicles to consumers, unless the safety recall repairs have been performed first.
CARS’ tips on how to buy a safe, reliable used car — without having to risk going to a dealer:
Did a dealer sell you an unsafe, recalled car? We want to hear your story. Contact CARS
Buyer Beware! Auto dealers' one-
sided contracts can ruin your life
Even if the car dealer breaks the law, you might not be able to get justice. Forced arbitration clauses hidden in the fine print can keep you tied up for years. The dealer often gets to pick the arbitrator who hears your case. CARS exposed how a dealer abused arbitration, after selling Jon Perz an unsafe car. CARS' video has received over 1.3 million views on YouTube. Jon and his attorney eventually won, but because of forced arbitration, Jon had to wait 8 years for justice:
Think this is outrageous? Call your member of Congress at 202-224-3121, and urge them
to vote for the Arbitration Fairness Act. More about the AFA, now pending before Congress: http://www.fairarbitrationnow.org
Here's what we're doing to bring
more attention to Jon's plight: